NU32

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Home page of the NU32 PIC32 development board and the book "Embedded Computing and Mechatronics with the PIC32 Microcontroller" (Amazon, Elsevier), by Kevin M. Lynch, Nicholas Marchuk, and Matthew L. Elwin (Newnes/Elsevier, December 2015). The NU32 PIC32 development board accompanying the book can be purchased through Amazon.

A description of the book and its use in Northwestern's flipped course, ME 333 Introduction to Mechatronics, on Elsevier's website.

Flyer for the NU32 board and book (with Table of Contents).

Read about the NU32 board, the book, and ME 333 Introduction to Mechatronics in Microchip's 'MicroSolutions' Newsletter, Jan/Feb 2016.

Instructors of courses in microcontrollers or mechatronics: Click here to order a free evaluation copy of the book.

The book.
The NU32 development board.

Contents

From the back cover

For the first time in a single reference, this book provides the beginner with a coherent and logical introduction to the hardware and software of the PIC32, bringing together key materials from the PIC32 Reference Manual, Data Sheets, XC32 C Compiler User's Guide, Assembler and Linker Guide, MIPS32 CPU manuals, and Harmony documentation. This book also teaches you to use the Microchip documentation, allowing better life-long learning of the PIC32. The philosophy is to get you started quickly, but to emphasize fundamentals and to eliminate "magic steps" that prevent a deep understanding of how the software you write connects to the hardware.

Applications focus on mechatronics: microprocessor-controlled electromechanical systems incorporating sensors and actuators. To support a learn-by-doing approach, you can follow the examples throughout the book using the sample code and your PIC32 development board. The exercises at the end of each chapter help you put your new skills to practice.

Features include:

  • Extensive, freely downloadable sample code for the NU32 development board incorporating the PIC32MX795F512H microcontroller
  • Free online instructional videos to support many of the chapters

Coverage includes:

  • Getting up and running quickly with the PIC32
  • An exploration of the hardware architecture of the PIC32 and differences between PIC32 families
  • Fundamentals of embedded computing with the PIC32, including the build process, time- and memory-efficient programming, and interrupts
  • A peripheral reference, with extensive sample code covering digital input and output, counter/timers, PWM, analog input, input capture, watchdog timer, and communication by the parallel master port, SPI, I2C, CAN, USB, and UART
  • An introduction to the Microchip Harmony programming framework
  • Essential topics in mechatronics, including interfacing sensors to the PIC32, digital signal processing, theory of operation and control of brushed DC motors, motor sizing and gearing, and other actuators such as stepper motors, RC servos, and brushless DC motors
  • Appendices introducing the C programming language and background material on circuit analysis

This book is ideal for beginners, as a reference for professionals, or as a textbook for a college course on mechatronics.


Sample Chapters

The freely downloadable sample chapters include:

  • the Table of Contents
  • the Preface
  • Chapter 1: Quickstart (getting up and running with the NU32 quickly)
  • Chapter 2: Hardware (description of the PIC32 architecture, memory map, pins, peripherals, and special function registers, as well as the NU32 development board)
  • Chapter 25: Brushed Permanent Magnet DC Motors (motor physics, speed-torque curve, and DC motor data sheets)
  • Appendix A: A Crash Course in C
  • Appendix B: Circuits Review
  • Appendix C: Other PIC32 Models

Software

Links to software needed for the book are here: NU32 Software Downloads.

Videos

Videos to support several of the book chapters are posted here. Most of the videos were created using the Lightboard, an ingenious and easy-to-use device developed by Prof. Michael Peshkin at Northwestern University. Our gratitude goes to Prof. Peshkin.

The NU32

Purchasing

The NU32 kit.

The NU32 board is available on Amazon. If Amazon does not ship to your country, please enter your email address here in this form so we can notify you when we have an alternative method to get you a board (we are working on it).

What's in the box:

  • the NU32 development board (with the PIC32MX795F512H), with header pins already soldered for easy insertion into a solderless prototyping breadboard
  • a solderless prototyping breadboard to insert the NU32 into
  • a USB cable connecting your computer to the NU32, allowing you to program the PIC32 without any other programmer device, and allowing your PIC32 programs to communicate with your computer (e.g., MATLAB, a terminal emulator, Python, etc.) via a virtual serial port
  • a 6V wall adapter that can be used to power the NU32


Description

The pinout of the NU32 board.

A photo of the NU32 development board is shown at the top of the page, and the pinout is given in the image to the right. The NU32 board provides easy breadboard access to most of the PIC32MX795F512H's 64 pins. The NU32 acts like a big 60-pin DIP (dual in-line package) chip and plugs into a standard prototyping breadboard.

Beyond simply breaking out the pins, the NU32 provides many features that make it easy to get started with the PIC32. For example, to power the PIC32, the NU32 provides a barrel jack that accepts a 1.35 mm inner diameter, 3.5 mm outer diameter center-positive power plug. The plug should provide 1 A at DC 6 V or more. The PIC32 requires a supply voltage VDD between 2.3 and 3.6 V, and the NU32 provides a 3.3 V voltage regulator providing a stable voltage source for the PIC32 and other electronics on board. Since it is often convenient to have a 5 V supply available, the NU32 also has a 5 V regulator. The power plug's raw input voltage Vin and ground, as well as the regulated 3.3 V and 5 V supplies, are made available to the user as shown in the photo at the top of the page and in the pinout. The power jack is directly connected to the Vin and GND pins so you could power the NU32 by putting Vin and GND on these pins directly and not connecting the power jack.

The 3.3 V regulator provides up to 800 mA and the 5 V regulator provides up to 1 A of current, provided the power supply can source that much current. In practice you should stay well under each of these limits. For example, you should not plan to draw more than 200 to 300 mA or so from the NU32. Even if you use a higher-current power supply, such as a battery, you should respect these limits, as the current has to flow through the relatively thin traces of the PCB. It is also not recommended to use high voltage supplies greater than 9 V or so, as the regulators will heat up.

Since motors tend to draw lots of current (even small motors may draw hundreds of milliamps up to several amps), do not try to power them from the NU32. Use a separate battery or power supply instead.

In addition to the voltage regulators, the NU32 provides an 8 MHz resonator as the source of the PIC32's 80 MHz clock signal. It also has a mini-B USB jack to connect your computer's USB port to a USB-to-UART FTDI chip that allows your PIC32 to use its UART to communicate with your computer.

A USB micro-B jack is provided to allow the PIC32 to speak USB to another external device, like a smartphone.

The NU32 board also has a power switch which connects or disconnect the input power supply to the voltage regulators, and two LEDs and two buttons (labeled USER and RESET) allowing very simple input and output. The two LEDs, LED1 and LED2, are connected at one end by a resistor to 3.3 V and the other end to digital outputs RF0 and RF1, respectively, so that they are off when those outputs are high and on when they are low. The USER and RESET buttons are attached to the digital input RD7 and MCLR pins, respectively, and both buttons are configured to give 0 V to these inputs when pressed and 3.3 V otherwise.

Because pins RG6 through RG9, RF0, RF1, and RD7 on the PIC32 are used for UART communication with the host computer, LEDs, and the USER button, other potential functions of these pins are not available if you would like to use the communication, LEDs, and USER button. In particular:

  • UART6 is unavailable (conflicts with pins RG6 and RG9). Since UART3 is used for communication with the host computer, this leaves UART1, UART2, UART4, and UART5 for your programs.
  • SPI2 is unavailable (conflicts with pins RG6 and RG7). This leaves SPI3 and SPI4.
  • I2C4 is unavailable (conflicts with pins RG7 and RG8). This leaves I2C1, I2C3, and I2C5.
  • The default CAN1 pins C1RX and C1TX cannot be used (they conflict with pins RF0 and RF1), but the configuration bit FCANIO in DEVCFG3 has been cleared to zero on the NU32, thereby setting CAN1 to use the alternate pins AC1RX (RF4) and AC1TX (RF5). Therefore no CAN module is lost.
  • MII ethernet is unavailable (conflicts with pins RD7, RF0, and RF1). The PIC32 can implement ethernet communication using either the media-independent interface (MII) or the reduced media-independent interface (RMII), and RMII ethernet communication, which uses many fewer pins than MII, is still available on the NU32.
  • Several change notification and digital I/O pins are unavailable, but many more remain.

In all, very little functionality is unavailable due to connections on the NU32, and advanced users can find ways to bypass even these limitations.



Design files

The NU32 was designed in EAGLE v7. PDFs, EAGLE files, gerber files, and BOM are provided here: NU32v7_designfiles_dec2015.zip

Bootloader

Using a PICkit 3 to reprogram the NU32.

If for some reason you do not want to use the bootloader that comes pre-installed on the NU32, you can program the PIC32 using an external programming device like the PICkit 3, as shown in the image on the right. Simply use header pins in the PICkit 3 connector to lean against the plated holes on the NU32, as shown. Your software must set the configuration bits, and you will likely overwrite the pre-installed bootloader. You can also use an external programmer to install a new bootloader.

 If your board has bootloader version 5.0 there is no need to update, the changes were mainly to make the code compile with xc32 v1.40.

Other

  • Powering the NU32 from your USB port (coming soon).

Forum

Have a question about the book or the NU32, or want to share a project? Post on the NU32 google forum.

Purchasing a Kit of Parts

A listing of parts used in the book with the NU32, and where to buy them, can be found on this page. The "kits" are broken into (1) the minimum recommended kit of electronics, (2) components for the brushed DC motor control project, (3) other useful components accompanying source code in the book, and (4) other parts used or referenced in the book.

An Inexpensive Portable Oscilloscope and Function Generator: the nScope

The nScope.

Several courses at Northwestern, including ME 333 Introduction to Mechatronics, use the nScope, a portable function generator and oscilloscope that plugs into a breadboard and uses your laptop for its display. You will find a device like this quite useful when completing some of the exercises in the book or when exploring the peripherals of the PIC32 further. Information on the nScope, including its specs and ordering information, can be found here.


Book Errata

Corrections to the book are provided here.

A Self-Study Course

The curriculum below is based on ME 333 Introduction to Mechatronics at Northwestern, taken by sophomores through graduate students. Resources include the book chapters (with exercises at the end), instructional videos, the sample code, and the NU32 development board and other equipment. The links below are to the YouTube playlists with videos accompanying book chapters. All videos can be found at this YouTube channel.

ME 333 is an 11-week course, and the chapters below are covered in the course. Other chapters are listed under "Extensions."

Preliminaries

  • Appendix A: A Crash Course in C. (This can be skipped by those experienced in C programming.)
  • Appendix B: Circuits Review. (This is primarily reference material.)

The PIC32 Microcontroller

Mechatronics

Extensions

Chapters 11-20 on other PIC32 peripherals and the Harmony software framework; Chapter 22 on Digital Signal Processing; and Chapter 29 on Other Actuators (solenoids, voice coil actuators, RC servo motors, stepper motors, and brushless motors).

Data Sheets

The PIC32

References relevant to the PIC32 hardware:

Documentation relevant to PIC32 software, including the MPLAB X Integrated Development Environment, the Harmony software framework, and the XC32 C/C++ compiler, can be found on Microchip's website by following the previous links, or you can download some of the most relevant documentation below as of December 2015:

The PIC32MX795F512H uses the MIPS32 M4K processor core by Imagination Technologies. You can learn more about it from the references below or by visiting Imagination Technologies:

Other Devices

These are data sheets of some of the other devices referenced in the book.

About the Authors

Kevin Lynch received his BSE in Electrical Engineering from Princeton University and his PhD in Robotics from Carnegie Mellon University, and he is currently Professor and Chair of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Northwestern University. He has been teaching robotics and mechatronics at Northwestern for over 15 years, and he has been awarded Northwestern’s highest teaching awards. He publishes and lectures widely on his research in robotics. He is a Fellow of the IEEE.

Nick Marchuk is a Lecturer in Mechatronics and directs the Mechatronics Design Lab at Northwestern University. He teaches introductory and advanced courses in mechatronics and directs student projects in electromechanical design. He received his BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University and his MS in Mechanical Engineering from Northwestern.

Matthew Elwin is currently a PhD candidate in Mechanical Engineering at Northwestern University, where he has served as a teaching assistant for its mechatronics course. He earned BA and BE degrees in engineering sciences from Dartmouth College in 2009 and his MS in Mechanical Engineering from Northwestern in 2013. His research is in swarm robotics.


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