ME 333 Introduction to Mechatronics
Winter Quarter 2023
First day of class is Thursday January 5.
- Section 20: Prof. Nick Marchuk (firstname.lastname@example.org), T Th, 11:00-12:20, Tech M152
- Section 21: Prof. Nick Marchuk (email@example.com), T Th, 12:30-1:50, Tech M152
- Rui Li
- Final demo (in lieu of final exam): Monday Mar 13 3-5 PM (12:30-1:50 section) and Wednesday Mar 15 9-11 AM (11-12:20 section)
- Office Hours:
- With Nick in Ford B100: Monday 10-11, Tuesday 3-4, Wednesday 11-12, Thursday 3-4, Friday 10-11
- With Li in Ford B100: Friday 4-5
- Quick links:
Purpose of this Course
The purpose of this course is to provide tools that help you express your creativity. Maybe you want to build a robot, or a piece of kinetic art, or an automatic ball-throwing device to entertain your dog; maybe you've identified a market for a new smart product and you'd like to prototype the device. This course provides fundamentals of mechatronics to give you confidence to take on these projects. You are encouraged to take what you learn in this course and apply it in ME 433 Advanced Mechatronics, DSGN 360 Design Competition, senior design projects, or independent projects.
This course is for students who want to build microprocessor-controlled electromechanical devices.
To do this, ME 333 focuses on three topics: (1) general C programming; (2) Microchip PIC microcontroller architecture and C programming specific to the PIC (e.g., using the PIC's peripherals, such as analog inputs, digital I/O, counters/timers, comm ports, etc.); and (3) interfacing the PIC to sensors and actuators, some theory of sensor and actuator operation, and interface circuitry and signal processing.
You will do a lot of programming in this course! If you are certain you hate programming, then this is not the course for you. But knowing how to program is very useful for any modern engineer. The language we will use is C, a fairly low-level language that works well for microcontrollers, which is more portable and not nearly as painful and low-level as assembly language. If you don't know C, that's not a problem, most students don't before taking ME 333; but you should plan to learn it, and rather quickly. You will have all the materials you need to start learning C before class starts, and the first assignment on C is due on the first day of class! The reason: even though we start out with C, that's not the main goal of this course. The main goal is to teach you about microcontrollers and mechatronics. Plus some students already have C background.
You will bring your laptop to each class. As the quarter progresses, we will be handing out other equipment that you will need to bring to class, such as the parts necessary for our microcontroller, the PIC32MX170F256B.
It is essential you do the assigned reading and watch the videos in advance of class. You will have an assignment and/or lecture comprehension questions (L-comps) due before every class, turned in electronically on Canvas. (This includes the very first day of class!) Once a week we will have a short quiz. Most classes will have a combination of a brief review, Q&A, and working individually or in small groups on problems while the instructors help answer any questions.
Topics we will cover, time depending, include:
- introduction to C programming
- introduction to the PIC32 hardware, and programming the PIC32 in C
- digital I/O
- counters/timers and interrupts
- analog input
- sensor smorgasbord
- digital signal processing: filters and FFTs
- analog output and pulse-width modulation
- brushed permanent magnet DC motors: theory and control
- stepper motors and RC servo motors
- communication by SPI, I2C, and RS-232
- communication over virtual serial port with python
Checklist to Complete Before the First Day of Class
By the first day of class, you should:
- Complete the reading and assignment 1, which is due the first day of class! The first assignments are designed to get you up to speed on the C programming language, which we will use throughout the course.
- Have a laptop with at least 2 USB A-style ports. Any operating system is fine. One port will be used to program and communicate with your PIC microcontroller, and the other will be used for your portable oscilloscope.
- Be prepared to collect your class kit, consisting of the portable nScope oscilloscope, the microcontroller board, and lots of other goodies.
By signing up for this course, you agree to complete the checklist above before the course starts. You agree to stay engaged during the class period; even if your computer is open, no facebook or other distractions that will lessen your contribution to the class. You understand that learning from classmates, and helping classmates, is encouraged, up to the stage of conceptualizing solutions. You are not allowed to fully complete a solution in a team. You understand that plagiarism is not tolerated. You will report instances of plagiarism you are aware of. Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:
- Allowing another student to copy your work.
- Copying another student's work, in whole or in part.
- Transforming copied sections of code or solutions to try to disguise their origin.
- Borrowing code or solutions from others not in the course, e.g., code found on the internet, without attribution. Borrowing code found on the internet is acceptable if the source is clearly indicated in your code comments, and if you understand how the code works.
On our part (faculty and TAs), we commit to do our best to provide you a curriculum and set of experimental materials to get you up to speed on sophisticated mechatronics integration as quickly and efficiently as possible, while giving you a foundation in concepts needed to go further in future projects and courses.
ME 233 Electronics Design or similar (EECS 221, 225, BME 305 (pre-2020) or BME 308 (post-2020)) is required. You will be expected to analyze circuits with resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, transistors, and op-amps. You can find refresher material and a sample quiz at this page and in Appendix B of the book.
- Textbook: "Embedded Computing and Mechatronics with the PIC32 Microcontroller" (Amazon, Elsevier). Sample chapters, including the appendix "A Crash Course in C" can be found in the freely downloadable sample chapters.
- A pdf of the textbook is included in the class kit, you do not need to buy it online or at the bookstore!
- Optional: Essential C is also a very nice intro to C. Let us know about other online C resources you find particularly useful.
- PIC32MX5xx/6xx/7xx Family Data Sheet (Dec 2013) This will change to the PIC32MX100 series
- PIC32 Reference Manual (Dec 2013) This will change to the PIC32MX100 series
Find a typo in the book or a bug in the code? Report it here
- Other C resources, such as this pdf version of "The C Book," and the classic C Programming Language reference book by Kernighan and Ritchie
Grades will be approximately 40% quizzes and 60% assignments and L-comps (including the final project). We will have short quizzes once a week at the beginning of class covering material on the previous assignment. We will have a final project and demo in lieu of a final exam.
All quizzes, assignments, and L-comps have equal weight, regardless of how many points they are graded out of. If one assignment is graded out of 20 points, and the next out of 40, the formula for calculating your total grade for these two assignments would be 0.5*(score1/20) + 0.5*(score2/40).
All homework will be submitted using the Canvas Course Management System. Homework should be submitted by 11 AM on the day it is due (i.e., before the first section of the day). Late homework will not be accepted.
Here are a few guidelines/tips associated with homework submissions:
- Upload files individually. No zip archives!
- Submit written responses as PDFs or txt files.
- If you upload a PDF of handwritten work, make sure that the text appears clearly and the picture is oriented portrait style.
- When asked to submit C code for a given programming assignment, we are only concerned with receiving the relevant source files, i.e., all *.c and *.h files.
- When writing your responses, please follow any instructions on how to write your response. For example, if we ask for a snippet of code, please do not submit your entire C program with header files and a main routine. We typically are only expecting a few lines of code that solve the problem.
- Be neat and make sure your answers are easy to follow. Messy hard-to-follow assignments make TAs cranky, and you don't want cranky TAs grading your assignment!
- It helps both us and you if you format your code nicely. Clean looking code is easier for us to grade and easier for you to debug. Text editors with IDEs such as Visual Studio Code, Netbeans and MPLAB X have tools for auto-formatting code. For example, highlighting a region and hitting Alt+Shift+f (Linux and Windows) will format that region according to your local formatting preferences.
- When you compile your code, pay attention to any compiler warnings. They are there for a reason! You should be able to eventually get your code to produce no warnings. Often if a piece of code is not working, the warnings will give a clue as to why.
This course is (partially) "flipped": you watch video lectures and do readings in advance of class, and during class, you should have plenty of opportunity for questions and interaction with the instructors and TAs as you work on assignments. The purpose of this is to try to maximize the value of the class time. In a typical lecture, 80% of the material is the same every time it is given, and the other 20% is interactive and variable based on student questions. In a flipped class, we hope to flip this percentage, to better tailor the class to student needs. You will have time with the instructors while your brains are actually on and working on the material (not just scribbling notes), the times when you are most likely to have questions. Making the video lectures available should also allow you to spend more or less time on the lecture portion, depending on your prior background. If the material is difficult for you, you can pause or rewind.
Please keep track of any questions you have as you watch the videos! Bring these questions to class; it will make for a livelier classroom.
All videos can be found at this page: NU32 Videos and sample code at the bottom of NU32 Software. We will cover almost all of the Appendix, a Crash Course in C, in the first 1.5 weeks of class, so you can work ahead and do all the readings, watch all the videos, and do all the problems, if you have time over the break. But at a minimum, you must do the winter break assignment.
We will have video lecture comprehension questions (L-comps) due before every class, assignments due every Tuesday, and quizzes every Thursday (on the material covered in the assignment turned in on Thursday). L-comps and assignments are turned in using Canvas before 11 AM the day of the class. The weekly rhythm will be:
- before Tuesday: turn in assignment on material from previous week and L-comps on videos for the next class
- Tuesday in class: discuss assignment, brief recap and Q&A on new videos, start on next assignment
- before Thursday: turn in L-comps on videos for next class
- Thursday in class: brief quiz on material in assignment turned in on Tuesday, recap and discuss videos, continue with assignment
- Reading due for first class: pages 515-527 in the freely downloadable sample chapters
- Videos: 1-7 of Appendix A NU32 Videos. Answer the lecture comprehension (L-comp) questions in CANVAS.
- Assignment: Exercises 1-4, 6-8, 10-11, 16-17 of Appendix A.
- Demonstration: Make a video of your HelloWorld.c program and upload to CANVAS.
Class 1 (Th 1/5)
- Assignment due: L-comp and exercise solutions, and demo video, for the Winter Break assignment by 11am on CANVAS.
- Lecture Videos from previous years https://youtu.be/6cFSmm6eX6w https://youtu.be/P9v-AxwCvHc https://youtu.be/BgNt20-Ivfw https://youtu.be/EvIfmEzMXqs
- Lecture: Crash Course in C
- Begin next assignment: Appendix A exercises 18-19, 21-22, 27-28, 30-32, 34-35.
- Demonstration: Exercise 34 and 35.
- Videos and L-comps: 8-16 of a Crash Course in C.
- Reading: Through page 562 of a Crash Course in C, and the rest of the Appendix as reference.
Class 2 (Tu 1/10)
- Before 11 AM: Answer L-comps
- Lecture Videos from previous years https://youtu.be/PcREfvXxJQE https://youtu.be/fMmT7FyACMI https://youtu.be/6L7qcu_-I_Q https://youtu.be/r2a4Lg2p0to
- Lecture: Crash Course in C
- Continue assignment
- Videos (and L-comps): 17 of a Crash Course in C.
- Reading: Rest of a Crash Course in C as reference
Class 3 (Th 1/12)
- Before 11 AM: Turn in assignment, L-comps, and demo videos.
- Review for the Quiz
- Lecture Videos from previous years https://youtu.be/I5wguSQcEiw https://youtu.be/LbuoWj5BM3Q
- Lecture: Crash Course in C
Class 4 (Tu 1/17)
- Quiz review, Intro to Microcontrollers
- Assignment: Circuit Diagram assignment on Canvas.
Class 5 (Th 1/19)
- Quiz: on C, posted on Canvas, due by 5pm
- Assignment: Continue circuit Diagram assignment on Canvas. Install MPLAB C compiler, make, and terminal emulator.
- Reading: Chapter 1 (quickstart)
- Download, install, and compile all software as indicated through the end of Chapter 1.3. See NU32 Software
- Videos (no L-comps): Chapter 1 (for your specific OS)
Class 6 (Tu 1/24)
- Before 11 AM: Turn in Circuit Diagram assignment
- Lecture: Build and test a PIC32 circuit
- Reading: Complete Chapter 1 (quickstart) and Chapter 2.
- Assignment: Problems 3-16 of Chapter 2. You will need the Family Data Sheet and the PIC32 Reference Manual.
- Videos: Chapter 2
Class 7 (Th 1/26)
- Quiz on Chapter 1
- Lecture: Chapter 2
- Videos (and L-comps): All of Chapter 3.
- Reading: Complete Chapter 3.
- Homework for Chapters 2
Class 8 (Tu 1/31) At home:
- Reading: Complete Chapter 3 and 4.
- Homework: Chapter 3, problems 3,4,5,7,9. Chapter 4, problems 1, 2, and Canvas question on writing a library for the ultrasonic range finder
Class 9 (Th 2/2)
- Before 11 AM: Chapter 2 L-comp questions
- Quiz on Chapter 2
Class 10 (Tu 2/7)
- Videos (and L-comps): All of Chapter 4.
Class 11 (Th 2/9)
- Quiz on Chapter 3 and 4
Class 12 (Tu 2/14)
Class 13 (Th 2/16)
- Quiz on Chapter 5 and 6
Class 14 (Tu 2/21)
Class 15 (Th 2/23)
- Quiz on Chapter 7, 8, 9, 10
Class 16 (Tu 2/28)
Class 17 (Th 3/2)
- Quiz on Chapter 23
Class 18 (Tu 3/7)
Class 19 (Th 3/9)
- Quiz on Chapter 25, 26
Q: Do I need to know the C language to take this course?
A: No. But if you already know C, there is still plenty else in this course for you. If you already know C, know how to use microcontrollers for real-time control, and have a good understanding how common sensors and actuators work and how to interface to them, this course may not be for you. Consider taking ME 433 Advanced Mechatronics in the spring quarter.
Q: Is there an independent project?
A: There is no large independent project. There will be a two-week project at the end of the course, but there will be no machining. For a more significant project, take ME 433 Advanced Mechatronics, offered in the spring quarter. ME 333 is good preparation for ME 433.
Q: What kind of laptop do I need?
A: You need a laptop with at least 2 USB ports. Any operating system is fine.