Revision as of 15:10, 30 December 2013
An easy way to test C code without uploading onto a microcontroller is to run it directly on your computer. An IDE is not necessary, you can compile and run directly from the command line!
For Windows, we recommend gcc from MinGW, or the Microsoft compiler that comes with Visual Studio.
For Mac, we recommend Xcode.
Go to the MinGW homepage and click the "Download Installer" button in the top right of the screen.
This will take you to a sourceforge.net link. You do not have to click anything here (it's all ads), the download will start automatically after 5 seconds.
Click install. Let the files be saved in C:\MinGW, and say Continue.
It will take a minute to install. When it is complete, click Continue.
This will bring you to the MinGW Installation Manager, where you select the Package you want to install. We are only interested in gcc, not fortan or g++ or any of that, so select 'mingw32-base' and say 'Mark for installation'. In the top left, click Installation -> Apply Changes, and click apply in the pop-up window.
This will download the package, extract and install gcc. When complete, click Close.
You can close the Installation Manager.
Verify that you have gcc.exe installed by opening C:\MinGW\bin.
Before we compile code, we need to tell Windows where to find gcc.exe. Open the Control Panel, and click System and Security, click System, and click on Advanced system settings.
Click the Environment Variables... button.
Under System variables, find Path.
Click Edit..., and at the end, add C:\MinGW\bin; and say OK to all the windows.
Now we can compile some code! In Windows, I like to use Notepad++ as a text editor. Here I have saved our HelloWorld code as hello.c in C:\example.
Now I can open the Command Window (cmd.exe), use 'cd' to change the directory to C:\example, use 'dir' to verify that hello.c is there, and use 'gcc' to compile the code (gcc hello.c -o hello). This creates hello.exe, so if I type 'hello', the code runs, and I see "Hello World!"
Now you are ready to start coding.
Installing Visual Studio
While we recommend the standard gcc c compiler, you may also use the compiler that comes with Microsoft Visual Studio. It is free, but a several GB download and install, so beware.
Do a search for the latest version of Microsoft Visual Studio Express for Windows Desktop. This year it is version 2013.
There are two installation options - download a .iso file, cut it to DVD, and install from the DVD, or download a .exe file and run it. I suggest the .exe file. Select it and click Next.
Run the file, and install like any other program. This may take a while.
Visual Studio is a full IDE - powerful and convenient, but overkill for our needs. Instead of running VS Express, look for VS2013 x86 Native Tools Command Prompt.
Make a new Hello World program to test the compiler. I changed mine to say "Hello world 2!" and saved it as hello2.c in my c:\example folder.
Run the Native Tools Command Prompt, and change directories to the example folder. Check to make sure your old hello.c and hello.exe are still there, with your new hello2.c. Use the command 'cl hello2.c' to compile the program, and run it with 'hello2'.
Now you can program with Visual Studio in c!
Xcode is the Mac IDE for creating programs and apps for the Mac environment. It does not come pre-installed, so you have to download and install it.
Go to the Xcode page and click View in Mac Apple Store.
And again click View in Mac Apple Store. This will bring up the App Store where you can download Xcode.
Click Free, and then click Install App. Sign in with your Apple ID and password, and the Install App button will say "Installing." You can follow a progress bar in the Finder under Applications -> Xcode. It will take a while.
When it is installed, run Xcode and agree to the terms. Go to Xcode -> Preferences, and select the Downloads tab. Download the Command Line Tools.
Then close Xcode, because we will use the command line version of the compiler, not the IDE.
Open TextEdit, and go to Format -> Make Plain Text. Now you can save the file with a .c extension. Copy the Hello World! code and save.
Open Terminal from Applications -> Utilities -> Terminal. You can see where you are by typing the command 'pwd'. You can see the contents of the folder using 'ls'. Navigate to the folder with hello.c using 'cd', and compile the code with 'gcc hello.c -o hello'. Verify that the program hello is there, and run it with './hello'.
Now you can start writing your own code!