PIC32MX: SPI External RAM

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Contents

Original Assignment

Do not erase this section!

Your assignment is to interface to the SPI 23K256 SRAM chip.

Overview

This page will guide you how to interface the PIC32 board with the 23K256 external RAM using SPI.

The PIC32 communicates with the 23K256 through sending a series of 8 bit commands. To understand the 23K256 operations more thoroughly, consult the 23K256 datasheet. But basically, the PIC tells the 23K256 what mode to operate in, whether it is reading or writing, what address to use, and the data to store.

Circuit

Circuit diagram showing PIC32 connected to external RAM 23K256. The circuit is an edited version of a circuit from this microchip documentation [1]. External Ram PIC32 SPI.png

Code

1. Go to this link [2] and download "AN1277 Source Code" folder.

2. Add the PIC32 files and other requirements to your MPLAB project; instructions here [3].

3. Edit the main.c file you downloaded from step 1 to match usage for the PIC32 board. The original code is also edited make testing easier. The code here has the PIC send data to store in the external RAM, and read the data back from the external RAM. It does this for the three modes available for the 23K256 external ram chip: byte mode, page mode, and sequential mode.

#include <plib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "HardwareProfile.h" 
#include "SRAMDriver.h"

// Configuration Bit settings
// SYSCLK = 80 MHz (8MHz Crystal/ FPLLIDIV * FPLLMUL / FPLLODIV)
// PBCLK = 40 MHz
// Primary Osc w/PLL (XT+,HS+,EC+PLL)
// WDT OFF
// Other options are don't care
//
#pragma config FPLLMUL = MUL_20, FPLLIDIV = DIV_2, FPLLODIV = DIV_1, FWDTEN = OFF
#pragma config POSCMOD = HS, FNOSC = PRIPLL, FPBDIV = DIV_1
 
int main(void)
{

  unsigned char ReadVal,Cnt;
  unsigned char RandomSendData;
  unsigned char SRAMBufPage[SRAMPageSize];
  unsigned char SRAMBufCheckPage[SRAMPageSize];
  unsigned char SRAMBufSeq[10];
  unsigned char SRAMBufCheckSeq[10];
  
  // Configure the device for maximum performance but do not change the PBDIV
  // Given the options, this function will change the flash wait states, RAM
  // wait state and enable prefetch cache but will not change the PBDIV.
  // The PBDIV value is already set via the pragma FPBDIV option above..
  SYSTEMConfig(SYS_FREQ, SYS_CFG_WAIT_STATES | SYS_CFG_PCACHE);
  
  InitSRAM();

  while(1)
  {
     
  //Byte Mode
     SRAMWriteStatusReg(SRAMByteMode);

     //Write random byte to 0x0010 memory location of SRAM
     RandomSendData = rand();
     SRAMWriteByte(0x00,0x10,RandomSendData);

     //Read 0x0010 memory location of SRAM
     ReadVal = SRAMReadByte(0x00,0x10);

  //Page Mode
     SRAMWriteStatusReg(SRAMPageMode);
     memset(SRAMBufPage,0,sizeof(SRAMBufPage));   //Reset SRAMBuf location to 0x00 value
     memset(SRAMBufCheckPage,0,sizeof(SRAMBufCheckPage));   //Reset SRAMBuf location to 0x00 value

     //Write 32bytes from SRAMBuf array to first page of SRAM
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<32;Cnt++)
     {
        SRAMBufPage[Cnt] = (rand());
     }   
     SRAMWritePage(0x00,0x20,SRAMBufPage);
     
     //Read 32bytes from SRAMBuf array from first page of SRAM      
     SRAMReadPage(0x00,0x20,SRAMBufCheckPage);
     
  //Sequential Mode
     memset(SRAMBufSeq,0,sizeof(SRAMBufSeq));   //Reset SRAMBuf location to 0x00 value
     memset(SRAMBufCheckSeq,0,sizeof(SRAMBufCheckSeq));   //Reset SRAMBufCheckSeq location to 0x00 value

     //Write 10bytes from SRAMBuf to SRAM starting from 0x0010 memory location
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<32;Cnt++)
     {
        SRAMBufSeq[Cnt] =(rand());
     }
     SRAMWriteStatusReg(SRAMSeqMode);
     
     SRAMWriteSeq(0x10,0x10,SRAMBufSeq,10);
     
     //Read 10bytes starting from 0x1010 memory location of SRAM and store it to SRAMBuf array      
     SRAMReadSeq(0x10,0x10,SRAMBufCheckSeq,10);
      
  }
}

4. To see that the PIC32 and the external RAM are operating correctly, you can observe the communication lines. You should be able to see data, similar to that described in this microchip documentation [4].

5. You can also choose to view the data being sent and read through UART on the PC. You can also set up the LEDs on the PIC32 board to indicate whether the correct data is sent and received. You can do this by adding some code. First, add these two lines somewhere before the main loop:

#define DESIRED_BAUDRATE       (9600)      // The desired BaudRate
 void Delayms( unsigned t);

Then, configure UART2, adding this code to the start of the main loop:

  mInitAllLEDs();
  int pbClk = SYSTEMConfigPerformance(SYS_FREQ);
  
  #define config1    UART_EN | UART_IDLE_CON | UART_RX_TX | UART_DIS_WAKE | UART_DIS_LOOPBACK | UART_DIS_ABAUD |  UART_NO_PAR_8BIT | UART_1STOPBIT | UART_IRDA_DIS | UART_DIS_BCLK_CTS_RTS| UART_NORMAL_RX | UART_BRGH_SIXTEEN
   
  // define setup Configuration 2 for OpenUARTx
     // IrDA encoded UxTX idle state is '0'
     // Enable UxRX pin
     // Enable UxTX pin
     // Interrupt on transfer of every character to TSR 
     // Interrupt on every char received
     // Disable 9-bit address detect
     // Rx Buffer Over run status bit clear
  #define config2      UART_TX_PIN_LOW | UART_RX_ENABLE | UART_TX_ENABLE | UART_INT_TX | UART_INT_RX_CHAR | UART_ADR_DETECT_DIS  | UART_RX_OVERRUN_CLEAR
 
  // Open UART2 with config1 and config2
  OpenUART2( config1, config2, pbClk/16/DESIRED_BAUDRATE-1);   // calculate actual BAUD generate value.
     //OpenUART2( UART_EN | UART_NO_PAR_8BIT | UART_1STOPBIT, UART_RX_ENABLE | UART_TX_ENABLE, (pbClk/16/DESIRED_BAUDRATE

  putsUART2("Init Done\r\n");
  //While loop to test LED functionality

Next, add this code to the bottom of the infinite while loop:

/************************************************************
This "TESTER" section lets you view results via UART or test 
accuracy of data transfer through the LEDS on the PIC32 board
************************************************************/   
  //VIEW RESULTS THROUGH UART

     //Byte Mode results
     printf("\r\nBYTE MODE: ");
     printf("BYTE MODE: Data Sent / Data Read = %d / %d\r\n", RandomSendData, ReadVal);

     //Page Mode results
     printf("\r\nPAGE MODE: ");
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<32;Cnt++){
        printf("Data Sent / Data Read = %d / %d\r\n", SRAMBufPage[Cnt], SRAMBufCheckPage[Cnt]);
     }
     
     //Sequential Mode results
     printf("\r\nSEQUENTIAL MODE: ");
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<sizeof(SRAMBufSeq);Cnt++){
        printf("Data Sent / Data Read = %d / %d\r\n", SRAMBufSeq[Cnt], SRAMBufCheckSeq[Cnt]);
     }
     
  //TEST RESULTS THROUGH LEDS ON PIC32 BOARD. If data read not equal data sent, LED will be OFF

     //Byte Mode results
     if(ReadVal==RandomSendData){
           mLED_0_On();
        }
        else{
         mLED_0_Off();
      }

     //Page Mode results
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<32;Cnt++){ 
           if(SRAMBufPage[Cnt]==SRAMBufCheckPage[Cnt]){
              mLED_1_On();
           }         
           else{
            mLED_1_Off();
            break;
         }
        }
        
        //Sequential Mode results
     for(Cnt = 0;Cnt<sizeof(SRAMBufSeq);Cnt++){ 
           if(SRAMBufSeq[Cnt]==SRAMBufCheckSeq[Cnt]){
              mLED_2_On();
           }         
           else{
            mLED_2_Off();
            break;
         }
        }

     Delayms(1000);
/************************************************************
...end of "TESTER" section.
************************************************************/   

Finally, add this to the very bottom of the main file:

void Delayms( unsigned t)
// This uses Timer 1, can be changed to another timer. Assumes FPB = SYS_FREQ
{
   OpenTimer1(T1_ON | T1_PS_1_256, 0xFFFF);
   while (t--)
   {  // t x 1ms loop
       WriteTimer1(0);
       while (ReadTimer1() < SYS_FREQ/256/1000);
  }
  CloseTimer1();
} // Delayms
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