NU32: 16x2 LCD

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THIS PAGE REFERS TO A PRE-RELEASE VERSION OF THE NU32 PIC32 DEVELOPMENT BOARD. FOR INFORMATION, SAMPLE CODE, AND VIDEOS RELATED TO THE PRODUCTION VERSION (2016 AND LATER), AND TO THE CORRESPONDING BOOK "EMBEDDED COMPUTING AND MECHATRONICS WITH THE PIC32 MICROCONTROLLER," VISIT THE NU32 PAGE.


NU32 LCD.jpg


Contents

Parallel LCD

The popular HD44780 (and compatible chipsets) can be interfaced to the NU32 PIC32 board using 10 pins for easy character output to an LCD. This can be highly useful in either debugging or generating a more complex user interface for a PIC (or other microcontroller)-based device.

This implementation of an HD44780 LCD uses 10 I/O on the PIC as output, and the code uses fixed delays after sending commands to allow the LCD time to complete the issued command. The RW pin is fixed to ground, but could instead be used to monitor if the LCD is ready for a new command, but this optimization is not implemented in this code.

Here is the datasheet.

LCD Hookup

The LCD uses the following connections with the NU32:

LCD PinPIC Pin
1 - VSSGND
2 - VDD+5V
3 - V0~1k resistor to GND (see note)
4 - RSG12
5 - RWGND
6 - EG15
7 - D0E0
8 - D1E1
9 - D2E2
10 - D3E3
11 - D4E4
12 - D5E5
13 - D6E6
14 - D7E7
15 - A100 ohm resistor to 3.3V
16 - KGND

Note: The V0 pin on the LCD sets the contrast of the characters on the LCD. Create a voltage around 1V using a 10k pot between GND and 5V to get a nice contrast, or hook the V0 pin to GND through a 1kOhm resistor, which also seems to work well.

If you power the LCD but do not send it any commands, the top row should fill with boxes. Use this to set your contrast and check that your LCD is powered.

The NU32 board is based on 3.3V logical outputs, which works fine for most LCDs, but this LCD must be supplied with 5V on VDD.

LCD Commands

In the main.c file, before the main while loop, you must initialize the LCD

setupLCD();

The basic command used to write to the LCD is

LCDWriteString("Hello World", 1, 2);

where 1 is the first row (options are 1 or 2), and 2 is the location to start in (options 1-16). There are only 16 characters per row, so don't try to print a string with more than 16 characters!

You can clear everything on the LCD by using

LCDClear(0);


Write the contents of a variable using

sprintf(LCD_Out_Buffer,"k = %5.2f", k);
LCDWriteString(LCD_Out_Buffer, 2, 1);

LCD_Out_Buffer is a 16 element char array declared in LCD.h Use sprintf just like in serial communication, but pay attention to the modifies to your variable. In this case, k is a float, and we don't want to print every character in the decimal number. %5.2f means use at least 5 characters (including the .) to represent the number, but only two decimals, so we should see 12.34, not 12.345, but we could see 123.45, and _1.23, where _ is really a blank space.

Files and Example Code

Include the following h and c files to your project: h and c files

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